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Thursday, 10 August 2017

Energy Systems

Energy Systems is when energy operates our bodies, makes our bodies work and move. We normally get energy from food. In Energy systems there are three specific systems. They are ATP-PC, Anaerobic and Aerobic. In ATP-PC, PC stands Phosphate Creatine. This is a body source for energy that are stored in our muscles. ATP-PC is when we do powerful and short moves in a sport, this lasts about 0 - 12 seconds. An example is a spike in volleyball, short but powerful. Anaerobic is when we have enough oxygen in our muscles, for a short period of time, mainly around 12 secs - 2 minutes. An example is the first 2 minutes of a volleyball game. Aerobic is when we need oxygen to last a long period of time in a game. An example for any sport is the whole game.


Energy System
Time
Example in Volleyball
ATP-PC
0 - 12 seconds
Serve, Dig, Spike, Set, Dive, Rotation
Anaerobic
12 secs - 2 minutes
First two minutes of the game
Aerobic
2 minutes +
Whole Game

Monday, 7 August 2017

Fitness Suite Circuit - R13


  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
The activity we participated in was a Fitness Suite Circuit. We had 8 stations with different fitness tasks. They were, Cycling, Rowers, Lunge Jumps, Bicep Curls, Russian twists, Burpees, Medicine Ball Squats and Agility Zig Zag. We did 2 rounds with 45 seconds each station. The last round was a 20 second station with 1 minutes breaks throughout each station.
  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give myself a Merit because I was prepared and organised by bringing my gear, I worked hard towards my goal which was finish the circuit at a high level, I supported my team mate when she got tired, I showed happy vibes throughout the activity and I did my best by allowing myself to overcome the tired emotions.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Fitness -, Equipment -, Sense of Achievement +
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Fitness affected my participation in a negative because I am unfit. This made me get tired super fast, which made me not want to go on with the fitness circuit. I would try my best but then end up taking a rest. An example was when I was doing the burpees. Instead of doing a push up and then getting back up, I stayed on the ground lol. To prevent this more, I will need to have a stronger and better mindset before we begin.
Equipment affected my participation because I brought the wrong clothes. Instead of bringing shorts, I brought track pants. This made my legs hot a lot quicker, which made me sweat more than I should've. By sweating even more, it distracted me from the circuit because I was too busy cooling myself off. An example was when we were cycling, I went to the window instead of cycling lol.
Sense of Achievement affected my participation because I was eager to set and finish a goal I put in my head. That was to finish each station at my best performance. By setting this goal, it made me work hard despite all the distractions, such as sweat and heat. An example was when it was the 20 second round. I went hard out and got the job done.
  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future?
To increase my participation I would not only be physically prepared, but also mentally prepared for this kind of Physical Activity. This would help me be ready in 2 ways.

Wednesday, 2 August 2017

Table Tennis - R12

  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
The activity we participated in was Table Tennis, but besides playing, we had to set up the table instead. After setting up the table we played 2 v 2 against each other, until we had a winner.
  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give myself a Merit because I was prepared and organised by bringing my gear to PE, I worked hard towards our goal by supporting my class mates when setting up the table, I showed enjoyment in the game while we were playing 2 v 2 and I did my best when there were multiple tasks to do when setting up.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Sense of Achievement +, Challenge +, Equipment -
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Sense of Achievement affected my participation in a positive way because I worked towards a goal I set in my head. That goal was to help set up the table within a suitable time, before we could play. By doing this, I was able to help out more and make myself useful for when there was a task that needed to be done. An example was when I helped a friend unscrew a tight bolt, so that we could put the proper one on.
Challenge affected my participation in a positive way because it made me more eager to finish the task. By having an urge to finish this task, it allowed me to participate and help out more. If someone got distracted and wanted to play with the other table tennis, I would take there job so the process wouldn't slow down. By doing this, it made me accept the fact that things go faster and better in a group, not by yourselves.
Equipment affected my participation in a negative way because it distracted me from doing good plays. The distraction came from the fact that there were old bats and new bats. Some bats had less grip than others, which caused the bat to slowly slip out of my hand when playing. An example was when I was going to serve the ping pong, but the ball missed the bat and went into the net, all because of it being unstable.


  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future?
Something I would do to increase my peers participation is get them into groups, and give them certain jobs in a situation or task like this. This will allow everyone to give a hand and get the job done faster.



Monday, 31 July 2017

Projectile Motion

Projectile Motion is when a object is travelling through the air or anything in the air. For example, a ball or a javelin being thrown. There are 3 parts to Projectile Motion, and they are the Angle of Release, Height of Release and the Speed of Release. The optimal angle of release is 45 degrees. The higher you are when releasing an object, the longer it will travel. The greater the speed the greater the height and distance will be. When a ball is thrown into the air, there is always a flight path, and that is called trajectory (flight path). The projectile is the object moving in the air, so in a Basketball case, when a shot is done, the basketball is the projectile. The activity we did was shoot paper in the air with rubber bands. We had to figure out what the right amount of paper was (too big = too heavy too small = too light), the amount of power we gave the paper (the further back our rubber band launch was), the angle of where to release it and the distance we stood from the target. 


Wednesday, 26 July 2017

Levers

In a lever there are 3 parts and 3 classes. They are the Fulcrum, Load, Effort, 1st class, 2nd class and 3rd class. For each class there are different examples and different places where each part must go. The fulcrum is the pivot point, the effort is the part of a lever where there is force, and the load is the resistance. Examples for 1st class is a see-saw (the fulcrum is in the middle), 2nd class is a wheelbarrow (the load is in the middle) and 3rd class is our arm (hand = load, muscles = effort, elbow = fulcrum). An example of levers in a sport is Badminton. When hitting a shuttlecock with our racket, the fulcrum is your elbow - this is because your elbow is moving. The effort is our muscles swinging the racket and the load is the racket itself. This is 3rd class, because we are using our arm. The activity we did today was draw out the different parts of a lever, put the load in certain spots on the effort, and figure out where the fulcrum goes. We had to then explain what class each meant and give examples. Here is my activity.

Monday, 24 July 2017

Zumba - R11


  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
The activity we participated in was Zumba. Zumba is a more of relaxed workout for many people. Music is normally involved with Zumba, this makes it a lot more fun.
  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give myself an achieved because I was organised and prepared for the activity by bringing my gear, I attempted to improve on my skills by doing the moves with enthusiasm, I tried to improve, through practise.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Fitness -, Sense of Achievement +, Previous Experiences -
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Fitness affected my participation in a negative because I haven't done Zumba in while. This caused me to be able to only do small movements, which be participate less. If I were to keep my fitness up, my movements would be big and I would be able to do a lot more moves without getting a stitch lol.
Sense of Achievement affected my participation in a positive way because I wasn't wanting to get a Merit for my grade. This made me want to get up and do Zumba confidently.
Previous Experiences affected my participation in a negative way because the was probably my first time doing Zumba - besides Jump Jam. This made me all stiff and small in my actions, making me want to participate less. If I was to know what to do when it comes to Zumba I would enjoy it more and make an effort to participate.
  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future? Something I would do to increase my participation is go through some moves before class with my friends to be more confident in an actual class time Zumba.

Wednesday, 5 July 2017

Badminton - R10


  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
The activity we played was Badminton. We had 2 players per team and about 5 minutes of playing team before we would rotate.
  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give my a Merit because I worked towards my goal getting a better swing, causing the ball to go straight down, I enhanced the experience of my team mate by letting him get the fast hits because he was better lol, I showed my enjoyment of the game by being cheerful and not being a grump, and I tried my best to win all our games.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Well-being +, Equipment -, Friends/Classmates +
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Well-being affected my participation in a positive way because I was in a happy mood. This made me cheerful towards the game even when we had lost a point. I think it's good to always have a happy mood in situations so that positive vibes come out. An example of me being a happy chappy was when I missed a perfect hit, but didn't get angry, I was humble to myself and to the other players on court.
Equipment affected my participation because the shuttlecocks we used were either broken, deformed, or very very light. This caused our hit to be inaccurate. An example was when I served the shuttlecock, but a feather was out of place, making it uneven when going through the air, which made it go either out or in unexpectedly. It also would be hit perfectly with the right power, but still not make it over the net.
Friends/Classmates affected my participation in a positive way because they helped me when I was unable to hit the shuttle. An example was when my racket was in my left hand (knowing I'm right-handed) but my team mate knew it was my weak point so he hit the shuttle instead.
  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future? Something I would do to increase my participation is by finding my weaknesses in the game such as hitting with both hands properly, and work on towards it so I could gradually become better at it. This will make me confident and increase my participation.

Tuesday, 4 July 2017

Force Summation

Force Summation is broken up into 3 parts, but the whole thing means adding force together, to make a greater force. What makes Force Summation are 3 sections, these are Range of Motion, Order of Body Segments, and Timing of Body Segments. Range of Motion is the greater the range of motion is applied, the greater the force will be applied. For example, when kicking a ball, the further you leg extends for the kick, the more power is produced for the kick. Order of Body Segments is when we transfer force from our largest muscles to our smaller muscles. An example for this is like in a free throw, we create power (force) from our thighs (biggest muscles), to our trunk, then through our arms, to our fingers for the shot (smaller muscles). Timing of Body Segments is when each segment should be activated, when the before has reached it's peak of force. For example, again for the free throw we come from our feet, to our thighs, to our trunk, to our arms then into our hands/fingers. If all of these weren't in one motion the timing will be off, giving a little bit of force. The activity we did in the gym was on the rowing machine. We went step by step for a full row, going from just using our hands then to using our full bodies. This showed us that the more motion we used it will generate more force, therefore making us move further and longer when we row.

Wednesday, 28 June 2017

200 Challenge - R9


  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
The activity we participated in was a fitness workout. We had to do 200 squats, 200 sit ups and 20 laps around a cone, alternating with a partner. We could every rotate when doing the workout, or do it all at once, it was at our control.
  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give myself a merit because even though it was a new physical activity I was motivated and reliable to my partner during the workouts, I worked hard towards getting to that 200 goal with my partner as well, I helped out my partner when she was tired by taking over until she was ready to go again, I tried my best to have perseverance, and I wanted to improve my performance by doing the squat/sit up the correct way.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Friends/Classmates +, Sense of Achievement +, Fitness -
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Friends/Classmates affected my participation in a positive way because I knew my Year 9 partner. This allowed me to be comfortable with doing the fitness in front of her. An example was when I didn't wanna do squats in front of people, but because I knew her, I was in my comfort zone.
Sense of Achievement affected my participation in a positive way because I achieved my goal by getting to 200 squats before. This is because I have never done 200 squats before, but aiming to do it and achieving it was a cool experience. An example was when me and my partner were on our last 10 squats, we didn't give up, we kept going and achieved our goal.
Fitness affected my participation in a negative way because I am unfit or in other words lazy. This is because I haven't done Fitness since a while ago, so it was hard to get used to the whole workout progress again. An example was when I was tired by just doing 20 sit ups.
  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future?
To increase my participation I would have to do more exercise and fitness to be used to all the workouts. If I do this, I would get tired so fast and I would be able to go more further in a Fitness Workout.

video

Wednesday, 21 June 2017

Sepak Takraw - R8


  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
Sepaktaraw is a similar game to Volleyball but without using your arms/hands. Sepaktaraw is game normally played in the Philippians, South East Asia. Here is a video of Sepaktaraw.
  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give myself a merit because I played to my best quality with my friends as well. Even though it was a new game to me I tried my best in playing, I worked hard towards my goals by getting used to hitting it towards my opponents, I showed my enjoyment towards the game by wanting to play more and I wanted to improve my skills in Sepaktaraw by focusing on my kick.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Equipment -, Previous Experiences -, Fun/Enjoyment +
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Equipment affected my participation in a negative way because the ball was flat, which made my leg hurt whenever I kicked it. If the balls that were handed out a soft material and not too flat, my leg would be okay when kicking it. This will change my level of participation because it won't hurt. An example is when the ball was high in the sky, and I kicked it but it hurt my foot cause of the force of it coming down to my little foot.
Previous Experiences affected my participation in a negative way because of my passion for Volleyball, seeing Sepaktaraw is a similar game to Volleyball it was hard to concentrate on the proper rules. By saying this, I would get distracted and hit the ball with my hand, or pass the ball with my arms. This will make me lose focus, affecting my participation. An example was when the ball was a perfect set, but I went to go spike it instead.
Fun/Enjoyment affected my participation in a positive way because I was enjoying the vibe around me. There were lots of smiles from my classmates which enabled a happy vibe. Every game with happy vibes encourage me or others to have fun, which makes us play well. An example was when Kori didn't serve the ball properly multiple times, it was still okay because we were happy and having fun.
  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future? Something I would do to increase my participation is try and learn more things about Sepaktaraw and improve on it. This will make me become more confident with the game and my skills, therefore making me increase my participation.
video


Monday, 19 June 2017

Newton's Laws of Motion

Sir Isaac Newton is an established philosopher and mathematician. He was known as one of the greatest minds of the 17th century Scientific Revolution. He discovered in optics, motion and mathematics which made him produce the principles of modern physics. He made 3 laws which are called the Newton's Laws. The first Law is called the Law of Inertia. The second law is called Law of Acceleration and the last law is called the Law of Action/Reaction. The Law of Inertia is when an object remains at rest or stationed, until a force is applied to it. Remember it can be anything such as a leaf, a bottle, a human being, and even the wind. The Law of Acceleration in based on an equation. The equation is F(Force)=M(Mass) x A(Acceleration). This basically means the greater the mass of an object, more force will be needed for it to accelerate. The Law of Action/Reaction is for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. For example, when jumping on a trampoline, the action is pushing down onto the tramp and the reaction is the tramp pushing you back up. The game we played demonstrated Newton's Laws because there were balls bigger and smaller than others. Before we hit the ball, it would be at rest, this relates to Newton's first law. The amount of force we applied for the ball to hit the bigger ball, depended on the size of the ball we threw. This relates to Newton's second Law. When we hit the ball with a smaller ball, the action will be us throwing and hitting it and the reaction will be the big ball going forward as we applied force. This relates to Newton's third law.
video
Here is a short video of what we did.

Wednesday, 14 June 2017

Ultimate Frisbee - R7


  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
Today we played Ultimate Frisbee. This game is similar to Turbo Touch but with a Frisbee of course. To score, your team mate pass the frisbee to you in the end zone. You are not allowed to run/walk with the frisbee and walk into the end zone with the frisbee. Intercepts are allowed but if you fail to catch the ball while intercepting, it is still the opponents or your team's ball.

  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give my myself a Merit because I worked hard towards my team's goal which was to beat the other team, I showed enjoyment of intent during the game by not being a winer, I asked Jayden to see how to throw the frisbee towards the wind without it blowing away so I could increase my skill for the game, I tried my best while doing this and I motivated and was reliable to my team mates when they did a bad pass.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Environment -, Skill Level +, Previous Experiences +
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Environment affected my participation in a negative way because it was windy. This caused the frisbee to not go as far as I wanted it to go, by the frisbee doing this and ruined my team's chances to score. Without the frisbee getting to go as far, it made me not want to through it far by closely, which is tricky for me to do due to the way I release it. I am good at long passes though.
Skill Level affected my participation in a positive way because throughout Year 9 & 10 of playing Ultimate Frisbee, I have noticed my strengths and weaknesses and worked on those to become better. By doing this, I was able to show my skill in catching the frisbee for example, or throwing the frisbee.
Previous Experiences affected my participation in a positive way because in Year 10, Ultimate Frisbee was a sport we played all the time. This allowed me to be familiar with the game and play well. Because I was familiar with this game I was able to partake in the game and have fun as I always would do in a game of Ultimate Frisbee.
  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future?
Something I would do to increase my participation is learn more skills to widen by chances of scoring and having fun. There's always that one person who is good at the sport, and I'm not that person in Ultimate Frisbee, so I would like to improve on skills and become one of these people. To improve my peers participation, I would encourage them to have a go at the game and give them a lot of chances of play to let them be comfortable.

Monday, 12 June 2017

Balance and Stability



In Balance and Stability there are 3 parts. They are called Centre of Gravity (COG), Line of Gravity (LOG) and Base of Support (BOS). For someone to increase their balance and stability in a position or stance, they need to widen their Base of Support, lower their Centre of Gravity and keep their Line of Gravity closer to the middle of their Base of Support. A way to improve your balance and stability is to keep your Centre of Gravity inside your Base of Support. If our COG is on the outside of our BOS, we will lose our accuracy, control and power therefore making us unstable. The task we had to do, as you can see in the google slides is re-create positions or structures and find the COG, LOG, BOS in each position. What I found difficult was keeping everyone safe but at the same time, getting the job done. Above all that I did enjoy that relieved feeling I felt when the structure was done and completed. I also did enjoy the learning that the COG - Centre of Gravity is not always in the middle of our bodies. The task we did today, was get 6 images. 3 of our photos and 3 of athletes that were doing different positions. We had to find where the COG, LOG, and BOS for each photo. 


Tuesday, 6 June 2017

Musculoskeletal System

In our muscular skeletal system, there are 3 types of muscles. Their names are Cardiac, Skeletal and Smooth muscles. All of these types of muscles have a job, involuntary and voluntary. Involuntary meaning it moves continuously without our control and voluntary meaning the person controls the movement. Cardiac muscles are found in the heart are involuntary. Skeletal muscles are found throughout the skeleton and are voluntary. Smooth muscles are found in our organs (intestines etc) and are involuntary.

The names for when describing a movement in our muscles are called Agonist (meaning it's shortening) and Antagonists (meaning it's lengthening). An example for this is your Biceps Brachii and Triceps Brachii. When you bend your elbow up towards your face, your biceps brachii get shorter which makes it the Agonist and your triceps brachii gets longer which makes it the Antagonist. The movements our bodies do are called flexion, extension, abduction and adduction. An example of when doing a movement while playing a sport is hip flexion. This happens when you kick the ball. Your Gluteus Maximus becomes the Antagonist, and your Iliopsoas becomes the Agonist. This is because when your hip goes forward for the kick, your Gluteus Maximus gets longer and you Iliopsaos gets shorter. To tell if your hip is hip flexion or hip extension, is when your hip or elbow etc goes forward it is a flexion movement. If it goes backwards it is extension.

An activity we did was to draw the muscles and bones we have learnt on a jumpsuit that our team mate wore. On one side will be the bones and the other would be the muscles. Our task was to draw the correct bone and it's name, vice versa for the muscles.

Here are some pictures.

Friday, 2 June 2017

Ki o Rahi - R6


  • Explain the physical activity you participated in.
Ki o Rahi is a game that involves a lot of running and tagging. The aim of the game is to score as much as points as the opposing team. There are 2 teams for the game, one team is called Taniwha and the other Kioma. How it works is that there is a big cylinder like target in the middle of 2 circles, one bigger than the other. To score for Taniwha, you must hit the target without getting tagged and to score for Kioma, you must run around touching the Nga Pou then run into a certain runaway and get a try. Here is a video to understand more.

  • What level of effort and engagement were you participating at during today’s physical activity? Why? (Grade yourself NA, A or M and refer to marking criteria)
I give myself a Merit because throughout the game I was ready by bringing my gear, I was being actively involved with task, contributing to my team by ripping people's tags when on defence, I reflected on my performance and tried to improve on my participation by getting over the cold wind.
  • What were three factors which influenced your participation? (Choose from the list below, and put a + or - beside the three factors to show whether it positively or negatively influenced your participation).
Previous Experiences -, Environment -, Challenge +
  • Explain HOW these factors affected your participation (with specific examples)
Previous Experiences affected my participation in a negative way because this was my first time playing. This is because I would normally play regular sports or games such as Volleyball, Basketball or Football. Even though it was my first time playing, I enjoyed it and would play again.
Environment also affected my participation in a negative way because I had brought a short sleeve and shorts that made me cold while playing. This affected me because I was too cold to either run or rip a tag off. I was too busy keeping myself warm than focusing on the game.
Challenge affected my participation in a positive way because it was my first time playing and it was hard to understand the aim of the game in just a click. I say it was a positive because even though it was hard to understand, majority of the time I was accepting the fact that this is a fun game and a challenge from different events can be fun.
  • How could you increase your (or your peers) participation in this activity in the future?
Something that I would do to increase my participation is by asking about people who have played the game before, this is to increase my confidence on knowing what to do. This is because if I had done this, seeing it was my first time playing, I wouldn't be so confused. I would be confident and know what to do.